We have started other Did You Know Series, vegetable facts. Today we will talk about Potato facts. The potato is a root vegetable native to the Americas. Potatoes were introduced to Europe from the Americas in the second half of the 16th century by the Spanish. Today they are a staple food in many parts of the world and an integral part of much of the world’s food supply. As of 2014, potatoes were the world’s fourth-largest food crop after maize (corn), wheat, and rice. Let’s have some interesting facts in brief
Did you know these facts about Potato?
- Potatoes are vegetables however they contain a lot of starch (carbohydrates) that make them more like rice, pasta, and bread in terms of nutrition.
- Much like rice, wheat, and maize (corn), potato crops are an essential part of the world’s diet.
- The word potato comes from the Spanish word patata.
- Potato plants are typically pollinated by insects such as bumblebees.
- Potatoes contain a range of nutritional vitamins and minerals.
- There are lots of distinctive potato types however not all are commercially available, famous ones include Russet, Yukon Gold, Kennebec, Desiree, and Fingerling.
- While the function of genetic modification is up for debate, research has led to genetically modified potato types that have potential advantages such as increased protein and resistance to viruses.
- Based on 2010 statistics, China is the leading producer of potatoes.
- Potatoes don’t store very well after buy however they are relatively easy to grow.
- Potato storage services are saved at temperatures above 4 °C (39 °F) as potato starch turns into sugar and alters the taste below this temperature.
- Potatoes are prepared and served in many different ways, including boiled potatoes, mashed potatoes, baked potatoes, French fries, and hash browns.
- French fries contain a lot of fat so don’t consume too many!
- Potatoes are normally served hot, however sometimes cold in the form of potato chips or potato salad.
- Despite fitness concerns, potato chips are one of the most frequent snack ingredients in the world with billions of packets being eaten up each year.
- One of the essential motives of the Great Famine in Ireland between 1845 and 1852 used to be a potato disorder regarded as potato blight. The scarcity of potatoes led to the loss of life of around 1 million human beings who have been based on them as a meals source.
- Although it shares the same name, the sweet potato is a root vegetable and solely loosely associated with the potato.
- Potatoes are sometimes referred to as spuds.